montesquieu full name

He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. On the contrary, though older than most noblemen starting on the grand tour, he resolved to complete his education by foreign travel. In the anthology we include a fragment of Montesquieu’s epistolary novel Lettres persanes (1721; supplement 1754). French political philosopher Montesquieu was best known for The Spirit of Laws (1748), one of the great works in the history of political theory and of jurisprudence. Montesquieu’s full name is baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu—popularly known as Montesquieu. Updates? Going to Paris in 1722, he was assisted in entering court circles by the duke of Berwick, the exiled Stuart prince whom he had known when Berwick was military governor at Bordeaux. Marshal Foch Professor of French Literature, University of Oxford, 1979–86; Bodley's Librarian, 1966–79. He was among the most influential thinkers of the French Enlightenment. When she died in 1696, the barony of La Brède passed to Charles-Louis, who was her eldest child, then aged seven. A vacancy there arose in October 1727. His main political thesis is that despotism can only be avoided by the presence of a strong nobility, which should secure the implementation of a system of law and should act as an intermediary between the monarch and the people. Montesquieu now sought to reinforce his literary achievement with social success. Two years later he married Jeanne de Lartigue, a wealthy Protestant, who brought him a respectable dowry of 100,000 livres and in due course presented him with two daughters and a son, Jean-Baptiste. He resented seeing that his intellectual inferiors were more successful than he in court. It also makes an original, if naive, contribution to the new science of demography; continually compares Islam and Christianity; reflects the controversy about the papal bull Unigenitus, which was directed against the dissident Catholic group known as the Jansenists; satirizes Roman Catholic doctrine; and is infused throughout with a new spirit of vigorous, disrespectful, and iconoclastic criticism. Louis Desgraves, Montesquieu, Fayard, Paris 1998. (Société Montesquieu), (Collected works), (Critical essays), Encounters with the Orient - University of Kent. He was among the most influential thinkers of … Montesquieu was born on La Brède near Bordeaux, studied law in Bordeaux where he inhereted the Barony of Montesquieu and became a member of parliament. The novel Lettres persanes consists of the correspondence of the Persian notables Usbek and Rica, travelling to Europe, with several persons at home, especially the eunuch of the harem and some of the women. MONTESQUIEU Charles Louis Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu (1689-1755), whose name is usually shortened to Montesquieu, was a French philosopher and author, who is considered one of the founders of sociology as a scholarly discipline. A second major work is De l’esprit des lois, an extensive study of the government of several countries, in which Montesquieu unfolds his ideas on statecraft and society. From Italy he moved through Germany to Holland and thence (at the end of October 1729), in the company of the statesman and wit Lord Chesterfield, to England, where he remained until the spring of 1731. Conscientiously examining the galleries of Florence, notebook in hand, he developed his aesthetic sense. The novel is not just a ‘mirror’ for European societies, but also shows how a system of Oriental despotism disintegrates due to the absence of the ‘ruler’ and its incompatibility with the feminine ‘temperament’. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Black Friday Sale! Montesquieu had powerful supporters, with Madame de Lambert’s salon firmly pressing his claims, and he was elected, taking his seat on January 24, 1728. Charles-Louis admired and exploited his wife’s business skill and readily left her in charge of the property on his visits to Paris. Madeleine Dobie, Foreign bodies; gender, language, and culture in French orientalism, Stanford University Press, Stanford 2001. It sparked off a true genre of epistolary literature of various kinds, which greatly contributed to all kinds of literary experimentation during the 18th century, throughout Europe. Charles Louis Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu (1689-1755), whose name is usually shortened to Montesquieu, was a French philosopher and author, who is considered one of the founders of sociology as a scholarly discipline. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His stay in England was one of the most formative periods of his life. Montesquieu, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat (noun) French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)

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