battle of ajnadayn
, The Byzantines suffered a heavy defeat and were forced to retreat to Damascus. This phase of the battle went against the Muslims, several of whom were killed while many were wounded. The Muslim victory over the Byzantine army led to the Rashidun Caliphate's annexation of southern Syria and Palestine. Now more champions came forward from both sides, individually and in groups. The result of the battle was a decisive Muslim victory. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community.  After their victory, the Arab army once more broke up into several raiding columns, with Amr capturing the interior towns of Nablus (Neapolis), Sabastiya (Sebastia), al-Ludd (Diospolis), Yibna, Amwas (Emmaus-Nicopolis) and Bayt Jibrin (Eleutheropolis) and the coastal town of Yafa (Jaffa). The Battle of Ajnadayn (Arabic: معركة أجنادين ) was fought in July or August 634 (Jumada I or II, 13 AH), in an unknown location close to Beit Guvrin in present-day Israel; it was the first major pitched battle between the Byzantine (Roman) Empire and the army of the Arab Rashidun Caliphate. Theodorus invited Khalid for a duel; without drawing his sword, he sprang at Khalid and held him, at the same time shouting for 10 Romans to come to his aid. Gradually, the duelling increased in extent and continued for about couple of hours, during which the Roman archers and slingers remained inactive. The Battle of Ajnadayn (Arabic: معركة أجنادين ) was fought in July or August 634 (Jumada I or II, 13 AH),  in an unknown location close to Beit Guvrin in present-day Israel; it was the first major pitched battle between the Byzantine (Roman) Empire and the Recognizing the hard price of victory at Ajnadayn against a much smaller force than the army that now marched against him, Khalid withdrew all the Muslim forces south. In July 634, the Muslim army under Khalid's command defeated another Byzantine army in the Battle of Ajnadayn. Rawalpindi. The 10 Romans emerged and raced towards him. According to legend, a Christian bishop tried in vain to negotiate a withdrawal from the Arabs. [Al-Waqidi, page 36.] At this move, Khalid ibn Walid picked 10 of his stalwarts, and jumped into the combat, intercepted and killed the Romans. Hotly pursued by the Byzantines, Khalid stopped his advance at the Yarmouk River and finally gave battle.In the Battle of Yarmuk, Khalid Ibn al-Walid once again fought the Romans, this time under the command of Theodore the Sacellarius and Baänes. Theodorus was killed "apparently by the fearsome Zarrar". The following account may therefore contain elements inserted at later times to glorify and magnify the victory of the Arabs. Even across the valley today, one can find many tombstones of this era. The Battle of Ajnadayn, fought on July 30, 634, was the first major pitched battle between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate army of the Arabic Rashidun Caliphate. Note the exaggerations present in Muslim accounts of the battle, as well as claiming numerical superiority for the Byzantine side.] Zarrar Ibn al Azwar was sent first by Khalid. The details of this battle are mostly known through Muslim sources, such as Al-Waqidi. Shurahbil led the vital left flank guard, but the name of the man who led the right flank guard is unknown. Yet the Romans, now at a disadvantage, did not yet collapse. There was no clear victor after the bloodshed, and both armies were in the same positions, ready to continue the fight. "The Sword of Allah: Khalid bin al-Waleed, His Life and Campaigns", [http://www.swordofallah.com/html/bookchapter29page7.htm Battle of Ajnadein, Page 7] .]. Heraclius then retreated further north to Antioch, and the Arabs began to march on Damascus a week later. Khalid thought that if Dhiraar had at last met his match. The result of the battle was a decisive Muslim victory. The details of this battle are mostly known through Muslim sources, such as Al-Waqidi. He then challenged several champions from the Byzantine side. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? Before the start of the battle, both armies were arrayed in extended lines, with their camps to the rear. We have created a browser extension. The Muslims, and almost certainly the Romans, were divided into three divisions with a flank guard on each wing. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press, 2001. Khalifat ul Rasūl (Prophet s successor) … Wikipedia, Siege of Damascus (634) — Siege of Damascus Part of Muslim conquest of Syria Byzantine Arab Wars … Wikipedia, Khalid ibn al-Walid — Infobox Military Person name= Khālid ibn al Walīd caption= Khālid ibn al Walīd is famous for his victories against the Byzantines and the Persians during the early Muslim conquests. After the Muslims' conquest of Busra city, their commander Shurahbil's spy came from Ajnadayn with news that soon a strong Imperial army would gather there.
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